[專案]宜蘭縣古蹟遺址調查研究第一階段

宜蘭縣古蹟遺址調查研究計畫第一階段
歷史空間維護與地方環境經營 1994~1995
I-Lan County Historic Sites Survey: Phase one

委託單位:宜蘭縣政府/計畫主持人:劉可強/協同主持人:王惠民/主要工作人員:陳育貞、林志宏、葉志鴻、王珍珊、童慶瑜、劉致榮、陳幸均
Client: I-Lan County Govermment/Project Principal: John K. C. Liu/Associate Project Principal: Hui-min Wang/Planners: Yu-chen Chen, Chih-hung Lin, Chih-hung Yen, Chen-shian Wang, Ching-yu Tung, Chih-jung Liu, Hsing-chun Chen

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相較於台灣西部,較低密度的開發為宜蘭的環境保留了相當高且完整的「歷史」特性…各種空間物件,在長時間的發展之下,形成了宜蘭整體的「文化地景」,這不僅是一種空間形式,同時也是生活的歷史。

規劃小組考量了「古蹟保存」在台灣面臨到的反彈,以及地方自主性保存的趨勢,提出一個針對宜蘭歷史空間的維護及環境經營計畫方向,這是一個包含了較完整得空間內涵及兼顧生活層次面的工作方向,企圖為宜蘭在具體的案例及「保存」的程序方面,對現行凍結是的古蹟形式保存的作法做出突破。因此,一開始有三項工作澄清:

1. 以「歷史空間維護」取代「古蹟保存」之名,擴大原本的工作限定,進而維護宜蘭整體的地景特質。
2. 加重「保存策略」研究的比重,而非以據點調查為主。
3. 提出地方政府自主的保存策略。

歷史空間調查,乃針對十四個據點提出空間關係的特性描述、屋主及附近居民的反應紀錄,未來發展之課題及建議。除了歷史空間描述之外,也將一些居民以成形的構想及及初步意見的溝通紀錄於上,作為後續溝通的基礎。並針對每一據點擬成多重替選之發構想。

另外,此階段提出「宜蘭縣歷史空間保存活用辦法」草案。該辦法在為地方政府提供一個執行法源,並且加進協商的精神,以減低民眾的反彈。

Compared to the more density developed areas on the west coast of Taiwan, I-Lan County on the east has preserved a “cultural landscape” which both reflect a special local history as well as its existing living society.

Faced with a growing apprehension of the current methods of preservation, the planning group considered a more locally based program to protect and manage the historic environments. The objective is to suggest possible alternative to existing laws.
In this project, three approaches were taken:

1. The use of “maintenance of historic space” to replace “historic preservation”. This allowed a more encompassing frame work to maintain the total environment as cultural landscape.
2. Emphasis on a preservation strategy to complement documentation of specific sites.
3. A proposal based on local, self-determined preservation strategy.

The documentation of each of the fourteen sites includes spatial characteristics, owner interview, and issues in maintenance and preservation. For each sites the planning group also provided initial conceptions on the reuse of space.

In addition, a draft maintenance and management plan is included,

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